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Wroclaw - the City of the Nobel Prize Winners

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Wroclaw boasts as many as 10 Nobel Prize winners with their lives interwoven in Wroclaw and its environs.
Here they are:
  • Theodor Mommsen – a prominent German scholar, historian and jurist who received the Nobel Prize in Literature for his ‘’Roman History’’ (1902). He obtained a professorship in Roman Law at the University of Wroclaw (then called the University of Breslau).
  • Philipp Lenard – a Hungarian-German physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1905. He held a post of a lecturer at the University of Wroclaw.
  • Eduard Buchner - a German chemist who worked as a chemistry professor at the University of Wroclaw (1906-1911) and in 1907 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of non cellular fermentation.
  • Paul Ehrlich was born in Strzelin – the Nobel Prize winner in the field of Medicine (1908) for his research into immunology.
  • Gerhart Hauptmann - a German dramatist and the Noble Prize winner in Literature (1912). He was born in Szczawno-Zdroj (formerly a German town known as Obersalzbrunn) and died in Jagniatkow (then known as Agnetendorf). He attended an art school in Wroclaw. In 2005 his family house in Jagniatkow was converted into a museum presenting his literary output.
  • Fritz Haber - born in Wroclaw – is often referred to as ‘’father of chemical warfare’’. He was a German Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry (1918) for developing synthetic ammonia.
  • Friedriech Bergius - a German chemist born in Zlotniki (formerly known as Goldschmieden) near Wroclaw where his grandfather was the owner of a chemical factory. He was educated in Wroclaw. He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1931) for his contribution into the research on chemical high pressure methods.
  • Otto Stern - a German physicist obtained the doctoral degree in Physical Chemistry at the University of Wroclaw. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1943.
  • Max Born was a German physicist and mathematician. He was born in Wroclaw where he studied at the University of Wroclaw and since 1915 held the post as a professor of Theoretical Physics. In 1954 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics. In 2002 a commemorative plaque was put on the house at 4 Wolnosci Square – his birthplace. Moreover, Wroclaw has Max Born Square named in his honour.
  • Reinhard Selten is a German economist born in Wroclaw who received the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1994 for his research into the Game Theory. Now he holds the rank of professor emeritus at the University of Bonn.


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